Peripheral Neuropathy is a disease that can damage the nerves in the feet and prevent them from working properly. Peripheral neuropathy is the result of damage to the peripheral nervous system, which interferes with the way your body sends and receives information from the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord) to other parts of the body.
Peripheral neuropathy can result from traumatic injuries, infections, metabolic problems, inherited causes and exposure to toxins. One of the most common causes is diabetes. When nerves are damaged, you may have changes in sensation, including numbness. Over time, neuropathy can lead to permanent loss of nerve function, as well as bone and joint damage.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
Common symptoms of neuropathy may include:
- Burning or pain
- Muscle weakness
- Tingling, or a feeling of “pens and needles”
- Extreme sensitivity to touch
Neuropathy is a chronic condition that can last for years, or can be a lifelong issue. The best way to prevent neuropathy is to manage medical conditions that put you at risk, such as diabetes. It is also important to address any contributing causes such as an infection, alcoholism, rheumatoid arthritis, vitamin deficiencies, or any other common condition. Diet, exercise, and other changes in lifestyle behavior can help minimize the risks associated with peripheral neuropathy. Symptoms related to nerve damage are often difficult to treat. Your doctor may recommend a variety of treatments to help manage symptoms, such as ointments, medications, and physical therapy.